Wooden pergolas are structures made with columns and beams, which have the function of protecting an area, whether it is a garden, a porch or even a garage. However, the name comes from Latin and means protective covering.

It comes from Italy and gives a special charm to the area in which it is located. Thus, it covers spaces, usually in an outdoor area. The wood used in the pergola must be varnished and waterproofed, as it will be exposed to the weather, sun and rain.


The pergola in the garden is the most used, as it creates a warm and charming atmosphere outside the house. Thus, it is a great space to receive friends and family, offering a favorable environment for socializing.

Installed on the balcony or on the balcony, the wooden pergola is a great option for those who want to make better use of the space in apartments. The verandas are closed or covered with pergolas, thus creating an external deck that can be installed in place of barbecue grills or a very relaxed space for parties.

However, the pergola can be used in events such as weddings and birthday parties. Thus, the rustic touch of the structure complements the sweet table, bringing charm to the environment. Thus, one can assemble the altar of the pergola celebration and decorate it with flowers and voiles.

In addition, the place where the pergola is installed is very inviting, it is a great option for those who want to make their home more charming, rustic and inviting. After all, wood is welcoming in itself and using this structure to build a place for parties and socializing is a good option.

One of the most used structures, the wooden pergola is easy to combine with furniture and decoration, giving a more country air to the environment or even more sophisticated, or avant-garde.

It is necessary to give good maintenance to the pergolas, as they are made of wood and most of them are installed outside the house, they are subject to changes in temperature, insect attacks, rain and sunlight.


Each wood has its own characteristic. Pay attention to what type of application will be used, as wood has hardness, strength, weight, oiliness, odor, among others that bring advantages and disadvantages.

To build a roof, for example, a more resistant wood is indicated, but it must not be too heavy so as not to overload the structure. The wood for the interior should be strong, but it can be lighter.

The color of the wood used in the structure varies according to the type used in the construction. Lighter woods look good in an environment like the pool, for example, while darker woods add charm to gardens and balconies. But the most important thing is that in outdoor environments the wood of the pergola must be hard and resistant to withstand climate changes such as rain and sunlight.


Wooden pergolas can be teak, which is used in naval vessels and is quite resistant to external aggression. However, it does not warp and resists climate change masterfully. It is a species that comes from abroad, but in our country it is widely used in reforestation.

The pie has a good durability. Furthermore, it is a native tree of Brazil and can be used outdoors. That’s why it’s used outdoors, it’s dense and heavy, and it doesn’t rot. So, a great option for pergola.

Camaro resists insect and fungus attacks and is resistant to air humidity variations. However, it is also a native Brazilian species.

The maçaranduba is also indicated for use in outdoor environments for its durability and resistance.

Eucalyptus, on the other hand, must be treated with an autoclave system as this allows 

Cedar is a soft and light wood that allows a harmonious and beautiful construction, yet resistant.

Demolition wood such as Probe and Jacob can also be a good option for making a pergola because they can be used to make structures and are very resistant.

The cheapest options to build a wooden pergola are Grapier, Maraca tiara, Angelim and Tauari.


Those looking to enhance an area, garden, gourmet space, swimming pool and other environments can use the pergola, which can give a more rustic feel to the place, transforming a simple area into a sophisticated space.

You can use the pergola to grow plants, as it facilitates the maintenance and growth of fruits and flowers. In addition, the pergola helps protect outdoor furniture from moisture and sunlight. For this reason, a bamboo pergola or a straw lining is recommended. Thus, the roof can be made from plants or a special coating. But it is also a great option to protect the walls of the pergola from solar radiation, reducing the internal temperature.

One of the disadvantages of having a pergola is the maintenance that must be done more frequently and the treatment of the wood to prevent it, for example, from warping. Therefore, you should think about acquiring a resistant wood, as a pergola in an outdoor environment will be subject to temperature variations, in addition to rain and sunlight.

Therefore, it is necessary to think about the characteristics of each wood, the covering of the pergola roof, which furniture will be under the structure and where it will be inserted. The wooden pergola makes the environment more natural than aluminum, for example.


The wooden pergola is very practical and affordable. After all, it has a great cost-benefit ratio. In addition, it gives a charm to the garden, to the flowerbed outside the house, and can be a creative solution for those with little space. In this way, with the wooden pergola it is possible to create a peaceful and contemplative environment.

You can use the wooden pergola in the garden, next to the pool, thus ensuring a leftover next to it, on the rooftop, which is the roof of the leisure area, in a home office module, pergola over an artificial lake, in the garage, on the balcony, among other spaces.

It is easier to combine with furniture and allows for a small installation area. However, the wood must be waterproofed to be protected from possible weather changes in the area where the pergola is located. In addition, it must also receive treatment against insects, protecting it from possible attacks and damage to the structure.

So, for the pergola to last longer it must receive periodic maintenance, being sanded and receiving varnish or even paint. However, if the pergola is covered with plants, it will be protected from the weather by the leaves and flowers, in addition to being a beauty, a sight for sore eyes.